How Many New Bitcoins Are Mined Every Day?

 Discover the Fascinating World of Bitcoin Mining and Daily Production Rates

Today, we embark on an exploration of the enigmatic realm of Bitcoin mining, where digital alchemy transmutes electrical energy into the coveted cryptocurrency. Our quest begins with a burning question that echoes through the digital valleys: How many new Bitcoins are mined every day?

In this article, we will unravel the secrets of Bitcoin mining, shedding light on the daily creation process and its impact on the ever-evolving world of cryptocurrencies. Prepare to be amazed as we delve into the inner workings of this decentralized digital ledger and reveal the precise figures behind daily Bitcoin production rates.

Bitcoin, an open-source decentralized cash system, was created by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. It operates as a permissionless and censorship-resistant network, enabling global transfers without relying on intermediaries such as banks or financial institutions.

Blockchain technology, introduced by Bitcoin in 2009, is fundamental to its functioning. This technology facilitates the transfer of bitcoins within the Bitcoin payment network. Regardless of bitcoin's value, the network operates according to its programmed specifications.

The maximum number of bitcoins that will ever exist is 21 million. Currently, there are 18,984,118 bitcoins in circulation.

How Are New Bitcoins Created?

New bitcoins are generated through a process called Bitcoin Mining. This involves computers, known as miners, solving complex cryptographic puzzles to create and add new blocks to the Bitcoin blockchain. By performing this task, miners also contribute to the network's security. As a reward for their efforts, miners receive bitcoins, which is referred to as the Block Reward.

On January 3, 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto launched the Bitcoin network, initially being the sole miner. At that time, the block reward amounted to 50 bitcoins. Subsequently, the block reward halves approximately every four years, specifically after the creation of 210,000 blocks. This event is known as Bitcoin Halving.

According to the Bitcoin code, new Bitcoin blocks are generated approximately every 10 minutes. Initially, this resulted in the creation of 50 new bitcoins every 10 minutes

Three Bitcoin halvings have taken place thus far:

The first bitcoin halving occurred at Block 210,000 on November 28, 2012, reducing the block reward from 50 BTC to 25 BTC.

The second bitcoin halving took place at Block 420,000 on July 09, 2016. The block reward was reduced from 25 BTC to 12.5 BTC.

The third bitcoin halving occurred at Block 630,000 on May 12, 2020. The block reward was reduced from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC.

What is Bitcoin Halving?

Bitcoin has a total supply of 21 million. The underlying code ensures that only 21 million bitcoins will ever exist. Bitcoin’s finite supply is a strong economic statement and supports its value system.

Bitcoin is distributed through mining. The 21 million bitcoins in existence are scheduled to be mined through the year 2140. That is, the last bitcoin is expected to be mined in the year 2140. At the current rate of emission, the unmined bitcoin will be exhausted before this speculated time. Almost 90% of bitcoin’s total supply has been mined. 

About 900 bitcoins are mined per day, currently.

To sustain the emission and increase scarcity, the number of bitcoin emitted per block is regularly reduced. This process of reducing the bitcoin emission per block is known as Bitcoin Halving.

After a predetermined block height (a number that is used to indicate a particular block), the amount of bitcoin emitted per block is reduced to half of the previous number. For bitcoin new halving occurs after an interval of 210,000 blocks or 4 years.

The most recent (2020) halving reduced bitcoin emission from 12.5 bitcoin per block to 6.25 bitcoin per block. This means that instead of 12.5 bitcoins, miners will now be rewarded with 6.25 bitcoins per block mined.

Why Is Bitcoin Halving Important?

Bitcoin halving serves both economic and sustenance purposes.

On the aspect of bitcoin’s economy, halving creates a scarcity pattern for bitcoin. Against a varying demand, bitcoin halving reduces the rate at which bitcoin is supplied. The demand for bitcoin has seen a consistent rise over the years, this has been met by a constant decrease in the supply rate.

To say the least, it solidifies bitcoin’s status as a store of value. A slower supply against a rising demand ensures that bitcoin is worth even more over time. Considering market sentiments and the craving for scarce commodities, the effect of Halving on bitcoin’s value exceeds the boundaries of demand and supply economics.

An estimated 3 million bitcoins are currently lost to forgotten wallet details, lost hard drives, and bitcoins owned by deceased investors. The majority of this figure is lost without chances of recovery. Considering the rate at which bitcoin is completely lost, bitcoin is a deflationary currency, and halving further complements this scarcity.

On the aspect of sustenance, bitcoin mining incentivizes miners to validate blocks and guard the bitcoin network. Miners ensure that the blockchain is protected from malicious attempts. As long as bitcoin’s emission continues, miners are drawn to the mining exercise and the bitcoin blockchain remains secured.

Halving sustains supply and hence mining. With halving creating scarcity, driving up value, and slowing down the emission rate of bitcoin, more miners are attracted to secure the blockchain for a longer period of time.

Bitcoin Halving Chart

The chart below illustrates the developments in tokenomics and miners’ rewards as a result of bitcoin halving. It shows a consistent decrease in block rewards as the supply gradually slows down with each halving.

The Bitcoin halving events have occurred at specific block heights, resulting in a reduction of the bitcoin mining reward. Here are the dates and details of the two most recent halvings:

1. First Halving:

Date: November 28, 2012
Block Height: 210,000
Bitcoin Mining Reward: Reduced from 50 bitcoins per block to 25 bitcoins per block.

2. Recent Halving:

Date: May 11, 2020
Block Height: 630,000
Bitcoin Mining Reward: Reduced from 12.5 bitcoins per block to 6.25 bitcoins per block.

These halving events mark significant milestones in the emission schedule of bitcoin, further limiting the rate at which new bitcoins are generated.

The next bitcoin halving is projected to occur on May 04, 2024, at the block height of 840,000. At that point, the bitcoin mining reward will be reduced to 3.125 bitcoins per block. This halving event will continue the pattern of reducing the rate at which new bitcoins are created, further contributing to the scarcity and value of bitcoin.

The last bitcoin halving occurred on May 11, 2020, at the block height of 630,000. During this halving event, the block reward for bitcoin mining was reduced from 12.5 bitcoins per block to 6.25 bitcoins per block. This reduction in the block reward contributes to the gradual decrease in the rate at which new bitcoins are created.


How Does Bitcoin Halving Affect The Price of Bitcoin?

Bitcoin halving has the potential to impact the price of Bitcoin in several ways, but its effects can vary depending on market conditions and investor sentiment.

For investors, halving signifies a reduction in the rate at which new bitcoins are created. This decrease in supply, combined with the expectation of increased scarcity, can create a positive psychological effect on investors. Historical data suggests that the anticipation of scarcity has led to price increases in the past. Investors may become more inclined to buy Bitcoin, believing that its value will rise as a result of reduced supply.

Leading up to the 2020 halving, Bitcoin's price experienced a significant increase of around 40%, driven by investor behavior and speculations surrounding the event itself. Following the halving, Bitcoin's value surged to three times its previous all-time high, reaching a new peak of $67,000.

However, it's important to note that the impact of halving events on Bitcoin's price is not guaranteed and can be influenced by various factors, including market dynamics and overall sentiment.

For miners, halving poses a different challenge. As the block reward is reduced, their mining rewards decrease by half. This can have significant implications for miners who rely on mining rewards to cover their operational expenses. Some miners may find it difficult to sustain their mining operations if the reduced rewards make it financially unviable.

When miners shut down their operations due to reduced profitability, the overall mining hashrate (the computational power used in mining) can decline. A decrease in hashrate may result in slower transaction processing times on the Bitcoin network. However, if Bitcoin's price continues to rise and mining becomes profitable again, miners may reenter the market and contribute to an increase in hashrate.

In summary, while the anticipation of scarcity and reduced supply can create positive price momentum for Bitcoin, the actual impact on price and the network's dynamics will depend on various factors, including market conditions, investor sentiment, and miners' profitability.

When all the bitcoins have been mined, several key changes will occur within the Bitcoin network:

1. End of Block Rewards: Currently, miners are rewarded with newly minted bitcoins as a block reward for successfully solving cryptographic puzzles. Once all bitcoins are mined, there will be no more block rewards. Miners will no longer receive this incentive for their mining activities.

2. Transaction Fees: In addition to block rewards, miners also earn fees from the transactions included in each block. Transaction fees serve as an incentive for miners to continue processing transactions and securing the network. As the block rewards diminish, transaction fees will become even more important in motivating miners to maintain the network's security.

3. Network Security: With the absence of block rewards, there may be concerns about the long-term sustainability of network security. If miners cannot cover their operational costs, some may be forced to cease their mining activities. This could potentially lead to a decrease in the overall network hashrate and, consequently, a potential decrease in network security. However, it's worth noting that various factors can influence miner behavior, and the network may adapt to find alternative mechanisms to incentivize security and participation.

4. Blockchain Size and Storage: The Bitcoin blockchain continues to grow in size as more transactions are added. As of now, the blockchain size is already over 395 GB. By the year 2140, it is estimated to surpass 8 TB. This growth poses challenges in terms of storage and verification for miners. However, advancements in technology may make it easier to store and process larger amounts of data, potentially allowing future devices to handle the growing blockchain size efficiently.

It is worth mentioning that the idea of every smartphone in the world running a bitcoin node to secure the network is a speculative scenario. While technological advancements could potentially enable greater participation in the network, such as running a node on smartphones, it is difficult to predict the exact future landscape of technology and network participation.

As we approach the end of Bitcoin mining, the ecosystem will likely continue to evolve, and new mechanisms may emerge to sustain network security and incentivize participation and transaction processing.